Jules Verne Biography


Demonstrating the strict link between Science and Science Fiction, the Association takes its name by the famous French science fiction writer Jules Verne, Italianized as Giulio Verne, who was the first science fiction writer to write fantasy novels based on real scientific basis, as demonstrated by many of his inventions, later become reality. Hereafter a short but exhaustive biography of the great European writer.

Born in Nantes(France) in 1828 Jules Verne, often italianized in Giulio Verne, has been an important French writer known as one of the fathers of the modern science fiction novels. Accomplishes his studies first in seminary, then in a school in Saint-Stanistlas. The young Jules had a marked talent for literature often in contrast with his father who wanted him to follow his footsteps by becoming a lawyer.

For this reason in 1847, not of his own will, he went to Paris where he achieved a degree in law. In the French capital, besides from making friendships with many influent people, he passed a lot of time in literary clubs and in the National Library, where he documented on scientific and historical cases. In 1850 he finally abandoned his legal career to dedicate to literature.

Then he started writing comedies for theatre, although with a lack of success(one of the most famous is "Les Pailles Rompues", known as "Broken Straws" in English).

In 1857 the married Honorine Morel, a wealthy woman; the wedding granted him a solid financial basis. From 1863, when he was 35, he started his career as a writer which lasted until 1919, with the posthumous publishing of many works: 62 novels and 17 stories. Verne's success had in large part to be assigned to his publisher Pierre Jules-Hetzel, who, after publishing just in 1863 his first collection of short stories "Five Weeks in a Balloon", released three of them every years, allowing the writer to abandon his job as stockbroker in order to totally devote himself to his literary works. Then for Verne started the dark period of his life, as he himself stated. Many close people died in short time, including his publisher Hetzel. Verne's works at this point were less brilliant; the inventive that characterized him, literary and scientifically, suddenly seemed vanished.

In 1870, for literary merits, he was awarded with the Legion d'Honneur and nominated twice president of the Academie des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts. He also collaborated with the Societè de Geographiè and at the editing of the Geographiè Illustrée de la France. Almost blind because of a cataract and afflicted by diabetes, dies paralyzed at Amiens, in France, in 1905. Even if only a small part of his narrative works are can be framed in fantasy worlds and only 4 of them take place in the future, Jules Verne is remembered as one of the fathers of scientific novels, precursor of science fiction literature.
In fact he was able to anticipate discoveries that in his books seemed like pure fantasy, but later scientifically proved and realized. The novels set in the future are: Paris au XX° Siècle (1863), La Journée d'un Journaliste Américain en 2890 (1891), L'Éternel Adam (1957) and Une Ville Idéale (1875).

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